Tecnoscienza – Italian Journal of Science & Technology Studies https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/ <p><strong>Tecnoscienza (TS) – ISSN 2038-3460</strong> is a transdisciplinary and transnational open access scholarly journal on Science and Technology Studies (STS). It focuses on the nexus between science, technology, and society. Since 2010, the journal provides a venue for scholars, policy makers, professionals, and citizens interested in understanding the dynamic and multilevel nature of scientific and technological changes.</p> Dipartimento di Filosofia e Comunicazione – FILCOM – Alma Mater Studiorum – Università di Bologna en-US Tecnoscienza – Italian Journal of Science & Technology Studies 2038-3460 <p>Starting from Vol. 14 No. 1 (2023): Tecnoscienza Nr. 27 the Journal is licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a> (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">full legal code</a>).</p> <p>Previous issues, from Vol. 1 No. 1 (2010): Tecnoscienza Nr. 1 to Vol. 13 No. 2 (2022): Tecnoscienza Nr. 26, are licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 Generic License</a> (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/legalcode">full legal code</a>).</p> Damian Hughes, Picturing Ecology: Photography and the Birth of a New Science, Palgrave Macmillan, 2022 https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/18591 Camilo Castillo Copyright (c) 2023 Camilo Castillo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 115 119 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/18591 Angela Balzano, Antonia Anna Ferrante and Federica Timeto (eds.), Making Kin. Fare parentele, non popolazioni, DeriveApprodi, 2022 https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/18593 Michela Cozza Copyright (c) 2023 Michela Cozza https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 121 125 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/18593 Frédéric Goulet and Dominique Vinck (eds.), Faire sans, faire avec moins: Les nouveaux horizons de l'innovation, Presses des Mines, 2022 https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/18594 Gabrielle Lavenir Copyright (c) 2023 Gabrielle Lavenir https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 127 131 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/18594 Eric Monteiro, Digital Oil: Machineries of Knowing, The MIT Press, 2022 https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/18595 Barbara Lazarotto Copyright (c) 2023 Barbara Lazarotto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 133 137 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/18595 Sarah Pink, Martin Berg, Deborah Lupton and Minna Ruckenstein (eds.), Everyday Automation: Experiencing and Anticipating Emerging Technologies, Routledge, 2022 https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/18597 Pedro dos Santos Maia Copyright (c) 2023 Pedro dos Santos Maia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 139 142 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/18597 Gérard Dubey and Alain Gras, La Servitude électrique: Du rêve de liberté à la prison numérique, Éditions du Seuil, 2021 https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/18598 Robert A. Williams Copyright (c) 2023 Robert A. Williams https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 143 146 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/18598 The Role of Patenting in the Valuation of Biomedical Innovation https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/18105 <p>Intellectual property rights (IPR), and patents in particular, play a central role the commercialisation of new knowledge and techniques in the life sciences. This paper analyses the effects of the patent ecosystem using the sociology of valuation and evaluation. Specifically, the patent ecosystem can be interrogated in terms of which activities, entities or choices it valorises and which it disincentivises. This will be illustrated using three case studies of emerging life sciences technologies; gene editing, induced pluripotent stem cells, and 3D bioprinting. Each represents a domain of growing patenting activity. This analysis illustrates how the practical application of the tests for patentability by national patent offices facilitates fragmentation of complex biotechnological processes into multiple, distinct legal claims. The resulting proliferation of IPR gives a particular value to patents as rent-generating devices, as bargaining tools to negotiate market access, reassure investors, and as tools for shaping the configuration of emerging technology fields.</p> Michael Morrison Copyright (c) 2023 Michael Morrison https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 7 26 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/18105 “I Don’t Know if It Wanted Me to Dance”. On Leading and Being Led in Human-eGate Interaction https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/17902 <p>Automated border controls, like eGates, are becoming an everyday experience when travelling. Besides their contested character as a biometrical border, these access control systems are either taken for granted in their smooth functioning or are seen as forcing humans into a scripted sequence of action. Based on a technographic study of laboratory eGate-testings in Germany, we argue for a different approach in understanding the specific human-machine-interaction. Drawing on Pickering’s (2012) “dance of agency”, we will show that the reciprocal interaction of using an eGate comprises facets of routine, anticipation and mimicry. Attuning to the oscillation of agency, where leading and being led is reciprocal, we must recognize that even automated systems rely on human beings, their bodies and their senses to make adjustments. The analysis suggests that both entities are interwoven in an asymmetric way, which allows seeing it from a new angle that incorporates usability and STS-perspectives to approach border technologies. In doing so, the focus on (laboratory) testing shows that it can bring back and secure human agency within interactions with border technologies.</p> Bettina Paul Sylvia Kühne Copyright (c) 2023 Bettina Paul, Sylvia Kühne https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 27 44 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/17902 Drawing Bruno Together https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/18893 <p class="p2">This <em>Crossing Boundaries</em> stems from two events: the recent STS-Italia conference (Bologna, June 2023) and the 4S/ESOCITE conference (Cholula, December 2022). Both events dedicated a space for reflecting on Bruno Latour’s intellectual legacy, inviting some of the scholars who had the chance and the privilege to work with him. The text opens with a reflection by Madeleine Akrich on her two-decade experience working alongside Latour and on the multifaceted nature of his contributions to sociology, anthropology, and philosophy. The text continues with a contribution by Huub Dijstelbloem, who explores Latour’s magmatic thinking, emphasizing the transformative power of his ideas. Annalisa Pelizza traces two key associations in Bruno Latour’s intellectual trajectory. The first one traces back to Latour’s early engagement with the semiotics of the “École de Paris” and Greimas’ theory of enunciation, emphasizing the local context of the French semiotic debate. The second association delves into Latour’s connection with technofeminism and Donna Haraway’s material-semiotics, highlighting a global dialogue initiated in the late 1980s. Finally, Paolo Landri underlines the transformative potential of Latour’s vocabulary in the context of education, underlying the interdisciplinary connections fostered by following Latour.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> Madeleine Akrich Huub Dijstelbloem Annalisa Pelizza Paolo Landri Copyright (c) 2023 Madeleine Akrich, Huub Dijstelbloem, Annalisa Pelizza, Paolo Landri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 73 100 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/18893 On Causality, the Modern Contract and Inertia in “Climate Migration” https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/18772 <p class="p1">Commentary to the Lecture “Moving the immovable: Climate change and the multiple tensions between mobility and immobility”, by Huub Dijstelbloem (this issue).</p> Annalisa Pelizza Copyright (c) 2023 Annalisa Pelizza https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 69 72 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/18772 Bruno Latour and Artificial Intelligence https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/18359 <p class="p1">This scenario discusses generative AI in light of Bruno Latour’s sociology of technology. It considers why Latour showed little interest in the simulation of intelligence and how connectionist AI fails to meet his condition for scientificity but offers a fascinating writing mediation. AI is most interesting not because it emulates human thinking or writing, but because it differs from them. Drawing on actor-network theory, this scenario argues against the idea of machines becoming detached from their creators and highlights how AIs can only exist through the support of their human assistants. The risks associated with these technologies do not come from an improbable singularity, but from their embedding in the dull and exploitative industry of digital attention economy.</p> Tommaso Venturini Copyright (c) 2023 Tommaso Venturini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 101 114 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/18359 Interesting Worlds to Come. Science & Technology Studies Facing More-than-Human Challenges https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/18911 <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This editorial by the board of STS Italia (The Italian Society for Social Studies of Science and Technology) introduces a Special Section of the Journal collecting a set of contributions to the IX STS Italia Conference, held in June 2023. The Special Section features an invited Lecture by Huub Dijstelbloem followed by a short commentary by Annalisa Pelizza. In addition, the Section includes the Crossing Boundaries “Drawing Bruno Together” and the Scenario “Bruno Latour and Artificial Intelligence” dedicated to Bruno Latour and both written by long-term colleagues, friends and exegetes of his work.</span></p> Simone Arnaldi Paolo Giardullo Annalisa Pelizza Copyright (c) 2023 Simone Arnaldi, Paolo Giardullo, Annalisa Pelizza https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 45 49 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/18911 Bark, Gum, Garbage bins (citizen shadows series) (Cover’s Comment) https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/18892 Linda Knight Copyright (c) 2023 Linda Knight https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/18892 Moving the Immovable: Climate Change and the Multiple Tensions between Mobility and Immobility https://tecnoscienza.unibo.it/article/view/18771 <p class="p1">The lecture examines the emergence of the research field of climate migration from a philosophy of science and technology perspective. It explores the tensions between mobility and immobility by discussing three specific technologies and infrastructures that emerge from the notion of climate migration and push mobility to the extreme: interventionist policies that encourage managed retreat, experimental digital technologies that promote circulation, and a proposal for a climate passport. It then considers implications of this paradigm of mobility for STS, focusing on immobility as a concept that can deepen and challenge our understanding of a trinity of states, sovereignty, and territory under conditions of climate change and mobility. By reconceptualizing the relationship between mobility and immobility, the lecture proposes a nuanced and refined alternative to the emphasis on motion, movement, and mobility, with the aim of contributing to the discussion of how climate (im)mobilities and Anthropocene (im)mobilities unfold.</p> Huub Dijstelbloem Copyright (c) 2023 Huub Dijstelbloem https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-01-16 2024-01-16 14 2 51 68 10.6092/issn.2038-3460/18771